Friday, January 9, 2009

Diable, Satan, Lucifer et Cie (Final)

This page provides access to all resources on this site concerning the devil.

Some definitions relating to the devil.

Devil: (from Latin "Diabolus and the Greek" diabolos "slanderer) The devil is in the Christian religion the spirit of evil, the evil genius. In theology, he is a fallen angel who opposes God. Since medieval iconography, the devil is the chief of demons. It is therefore represented as a human monster, griffu, the terrifying figure, with long pointed ears, horns, a woman's chest, feet and forked a long tail. Able to take attractive appearances, he tries to bribe the man and the lead into sin.

Satan (from the Hebrew "haschatan" opponent). Satan, who appears often in the Bible, is the head of the angels who rebelled in Genesis, thus becoming demons. He tries to Eve in Eden in the form of a snake or attempts Jesus in the Gospels. It is given the option to change their appearance to attract more. Satan is represented as different traits, snake, half-man half-goat (inspired by the god Pan), dragon, Leviathan. He attributed the presidency of the Sabbath of witches.
Satan is honored as qu'adversaire God and the Church in worship called Satanism.

Lucifer (from the Latin "lux" light and "ferre" carry, literally, "light bearer").
As God Latin, Lucifer was the bringer of light, the spirit of air and embodied knowledge.

The term "bearer of light" was also used during the first centuries AD to refer to Christ. Only the High Middle Ages that the name Lucifer has been used to describe Satan. In the Vulgate (the first translation of the Bible in Latin by St. Jerome), it is the transcription of the Hebrew word Heylel in "dawn of the morning" (Venus). Lucifer was the most beautiful of angels, head of the celestial militia. By pride and greed of power, he wanted to become equal with God and people revolted against him. Ousted from heaven and sent to hell, he became Satan, the leader of demons.

His revolt is viewed by the gnostics such as the search for knowledge that God wanted to hide from men. Bearer of light, it would be for lucifériennes sects, more powerful than God, simple Demiurge (luciférisme).

Not to be confused with Lucifer, Bishop of Cagliari, to 370, which caused a schism (Luciferian) by his severe attitude towards bishops advocates of Arianism.

The terms of the devil, Satan, Lucifer, devil, Beelzebub, Belial, Mephisto ... are often used as synonyms. Other names of the devil or Satan the prince of this world, the prince of darkness, the devil, "the Poor", the "Tempter" the chief of demons, the Lord of hell ....

In Islam, the devil is called Iblis or Chaytan.

Some additional considerations and of course, atheists have no more reason to believe in devil than God.

The Devil and the "Good God"

The coexistence, even peaceful, a God Almighty called "Good" with evil (Evil), personified in Satan, is not without its problems of consistency in Christian theology. To avoid making a religion of Christianity dualistic where good and evil become two gods of equal importance, the Church has decreed at the Council of Lateran, in 1215: "the devil and other demons were created by God good by nature, but they are the ones who have made themselves ill. " Clever way to release God.

This is a weakness of Christian theology and his "God". Either God Almighty can not control his creatures, or it does nothing. Impotent or perverse choice.

Symbolic of Satan

For some psychologists, Satan would represent the man himself and everything it contains as perversions may lead to its loss.

It would also be the symbol of "exaltation imaginative", a principle of evil that man do to him, the most "pernicious" as "imaginative exaltation" vis-à-vis itself, c that is to say vanity. The serpent of Genesis is symbolic of the desire subtle rising from the unconscious. Fascinated by the idea of becoming equal to God, Adam and Eve s'exaltent another. The serpent of temptation then slips into the hole opened by the imagination.

Satan and youth

Many young people seduced by the concept of Satan, even Satanism, believe that it really is this character? Would it not rather a form of rebellion against authority of whatever kind, against the harshness of reality, against the complexity of a society in which it appears difficult to fit ...

Living in families and often exploded in a world losing its way, young people may be tempted to seek unconsciously in Satanism that coaching structure and comfort.